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Home ¬Ľ Deforestation Causes and Effects and Solutions

Deforestation Causes and Effects and Solutions

In this deforestation causes and effects and solutions post we have briefly explained about deforestation forest, deforestation forest causes, and forest conservation.

Deforestation Forest

Soil erosion, loss of species and biodiversity, changes in terrain, wind direction, floods, droughts, and global warming are all caused by overexploitation of forests. The delicate balance of nutrients, gases, and the symbiotic link between man and plants is disrupted by deforestation forest.

Tropical forests, which are known as the earth’s lungs, are on the verge of extinction due to rising population density. The indiscriminate removal of plant species (genetic erosion) at a rate of 8 million hectares per year has resulted in a massive loss of genetic diversity. The hydrological cycle is influenced, which influences rainfall. Horticulture has aided in social unrest, environmental degradation, and enormous deforestation.

Problem of Deforestation Forest

Deforestation forest, or forest destruction, results from the destruction of land’s biotic capacity. In 1900, the world’s entire forest acreage was predicted to be 7000 million hectares, but by 2010, it had decreased to 2100 million hectares. This deforestation forest process poses a major threat to our country’s economy, quality of life, and environmental future.

It’s worth noting that we’re still a long way from meeting the Forest Policy’s aim of 33 percent forest acreage. Despite increased awareness, the rate of deforestation forest continues to rise. Every day, roughly 32300 hectares of forest are lost, and another 32300 hectares are degraded. The rate of tropical deforestation forest increased by 9.5 percent between 2005 and 2010 compared to 1995 deforestation forest rates. A quarter of the world’s primary forests have been lost. Forests are also being replaced by crops with far less biodiversity.

Major Causes of Deforestation

Human and cattle populations are rapidly increasing. Cattle overgrazing, indiscriminate tree felling, and overexploitation of land resources are all examples. Dams obliterate tropical forests covering thousands of square kilometres. The process of filling the reservoirs may result in the drowning of enormous swaths of forest, the displacement of people, and the extinction of wildlife.

Despite the fact that dams are supposed to supply cheap electricity, many of them fail due to a lack of environmental planning. The erosion of water sheds fills reservoirs with silt, lowering the ultimate output and utility of dams. To accommodate the increased food demand, industries, quarries, irrigation, and agricultural land development are all being considered.

Forest Conservation

Forest conservation is the activity of growing additional trees and maintaining forested regions for future generations’ sustainability.¬†Forests are a valuable natural resource that benefit humanity in a variety of ways. However, due to rising deforestation forest, it is now more important than ever to protect forests all around the world.

Deforestation forest is the irreversible destruction or loss of forests to make way for new agricultural, livestock, and other uses. Shifting cultivation is the process of destroying forests to make room for more agricultural land.

Reserve Forests

National Parks, Sanctuaries, Biosphere Reserves, and places with significant water resources, such as the Himalayas, Western, and Eastern Ghats, are examples of reserve forests. These regions must be conserved, and commercial exploitation should not be permitted.

Production Forestry

These are plains woods, and with good management, their output can be increased. Fast-growing trees (Eucalyptus, Acacia) are typically grown with current techniques.

Commercial forestry production is solely for the purpose of meeting the needs of the forest-based businesses. Plantations can be grown on grazing pastures and fallow lands that aren’t used for agriculture.

Social Forestry

Social forestry is based on public and common land to produce firewood, fodder, fruits and small timber for rural community. The aim is to reduce pressure on natural forests for these requirements.

Agro Forestry

Same land is used for farming and forestry by taungya (growing crops between rows of trees) and jhum (shifting crop and forest cultivation) techniques.

Urban Forestry

Urban Forestry method aims at growing ornamental and fruit trees along roads, parks or vacant lands.

Further Readings

Reference

Deforestation Causes and Effects and Solutions