Difference between Intermolecular and Intramolecular Forces of Attraction

Difference between intermolecular and intramolecular forces is Intermolecular forces exist between molecules, while intramolecular forces exist between atoms within a molecule. Furthermore, there are numerous differences between these forces.

Difference between intermolecular and intramolecular forces of attraction post briefly explains about what are intermolecular forces, what are intramolecular forces and difference between intermolecular and intramolecular forces.

1. What are intermolecular forces?

2. What are intramolecular forces?

3. Difference between intermolecular and intramolecular forces

What are intermolecular forces?

Intermolecular forces, or IMF for short, are the forces that happen between the molecules of a substance. These forces can be either attractive or repulsive. These forces mediate the interactions between individual molecules of a substance.

The term “intermolecular forces” refers to the forces that exist between the molecules themselves. The physical properties of a substance are mostly determined by intermolecular forces. The condensed states of matter are caused by intermolecular forces. Intermolecular forces bind the particles that make up solids and liquids, and these forces have an impact on a wide range of physical properties.

Dipole-dipole forces, London dispersion forces, and hydrogen bonding forces are all types of intermolecular forces. The arrangement of electrons and nuclei in molecules results in electric charges, which are responsible for all of these bonds. Hydrogen bonds are the strongest of the three.

Difference-between-Intermolecular-and-Intramolecular-Forces-of-Attraction

Hydrogen Bond 

What are intramolecular forces?

A molecule is held together by intramolecular forces. Chemical bonds are formed as a result of the action of these factors. As a result, intramolecular forces are far more powerful than intermolecular ones. In intramolecular interactions, electrons are exchanged or donated between atoms.

Covalent bonds are formed when two atoms share electrons. An ionic bond is formed when one atom provides or gains an electron. It is the intermolecular forces that determine a substance’s chemical properties. Intramolecular forces might also include metal bonds.

Ionic Bond

Difference between intermolecular and intramolecular forces

Difference between Intermolecular and Intramolecular Forces of Attraction

Difference between Intermolecular and Intramolecular Forces of Attraction

Definition

Intermolecular forces are the forces that hold molecules in a substance. Intramolecular forces are the forces that hold atoms in a molecule.

Strength

When compared to intramolecular forces, intermolecular forces are much weaker. Intramolecular forces are stronger than intermolecular forces.

Properties

The state of matter (solid, liquid, or gas) and its physical properties, such as melting and boiling points, are determined by intermolecular forces. The way a substance acts chemically is determined by Intramolecular forces.

Nature

Intermolecular forces are attractive forces. Intramolecular forces are chemical bonds.

Examples

Dipole-dipole forces, London dispersion forces, and hydrogen bonding forces are the three types of intermolecular forces. Covalent, ionic, and metal bonds are three types of intramolecular forces.

Frequently Asked Questions

Difference between Intermolecular and Intramolecular Forces

Which is an intermolecular force?

Intermolecular forces, or IMF for short, are the forces that happen between the molecules of a substance.

What is an example of an intramolecular force?

Covalent, ionic, and metal bonds are three types of intramolecular forces.

What intermolecular forces do?

Intermolecular forces are responsible for determining a great deal of the characteristics of a substance.

What causes intermolecular forces?

Intermolecular forces happen when positively and negatively charged species interact.

What is the strongest intermolecular force?

Hydrogen bonds are the strongest of the intermolecular force.

The answer to the question of difference between intermolecular and intramolecular forces of attraction has been found. You can learn more about chemical bondings at NotesHippo.com

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