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Explain the process of agriculture blog post briefly explains about basic process of agriculture in India, and FAQ on process of agriculture.
Every living thing requires food to survive. Plants and animals provide the majority of our nutrition. An ancient guy began cultivating food in a tiny space with the use of specific methods. Basic process of agriculture in India refers to the practice of growing a crop.
The type of crop, the properties of the soil, the climate, and other variables must all be taken into account while planning agriculture. Farmers use these factors to determine when and where to grow a particular crop. Furthermore, the right soil, climate, and time of year aren’t enough to produce a high-quality product. It necessitates a set of steps that must be taken. Agricultural techniques refer to the basic process of agriculture. The next paragraphs go through many methods of basic process of agriculture in India.
Process of Agriculture in India
1. Soil preparation
Before planting a crop, the soil must be prepared by plowing, levelling, and adding manure. Using a plough to loosen and dig up the soil is called “plowing.” This helps give the soil enough air. Levelling is the process of spreading the soil out evenly and making it level after plowing. The land is then fertilized.
2. Seed Sowing
The first step in sowing is choosing seeds from good strains of crops. The seeds are spread out on the field after the soil has been prepared. This is called sowing. Sowing can be done by hand or with machines that drill holes for the seeds. Some crops, like paddy, are started in a small area as seedlings and then moved to the main field.
Process of Agriculture in India
For crops to grow and produce yield, they need nutrients. So, it’s important to give them nourishment at regular intervals. Manuring is the step where nutrients are added. These nutrients can be natural (manure) or made from chemicals (fertilizers). The waste from plants and animals breaks down into manure when they die. Fertilizers are chemical compounds that are made up of plant nutrients and are made for sale. In addition to giving crops the nutrients they need, manure also makes the soil more fertile.
Irrigation means getting water to plants. Water can come from wells, ponds, lakes, canals, dams, and other places. If you water a crop too much, it could get too wet and die. The amount of time between irrigations and how often they happen need to be controlled.
Plants that are not wanted but grow in the same areas as crops are called weeds. It is possible to get rid of them by employing weed killers, by taking them out by hand, and by getting rid of part of them while the soil is being prepared.
The term “harvesting” refers to the procedure by which the crop is cut and gathered once it has reached maturity. After harvesting, the grains are threshed, either mechanically or by hand on a smaller scale, in order to separate them from the chaff.
The harvested grains are placed in granaries or bins in godowns for the purpose of later consumption or sale. Therefore, improvements in crop protection systems are desperately needed. Before grains are stored, they are subjected to processes such as cleaning, drying, and fumigation, amongst others, to protect them from insects and rodents.
In order to have a fruitful agricultural activity, one must adhere to the appropriate procedures and process of agriculture in India.
FAQ on Process of Agriculture
1. What is the process of agriculture?
The most important process of agriculture in India is preparing the soil, planting, adding manure and fertilizers, watering, harvesting, and storing.
2. How was agriculture started?
Agriculture has been around for many, many years. At least 105,000 years ago, people started to gather wild grains. Around 11,500 years ago, they started to plant them.
3. What are the process of agriculture?
The most important process of agriculture in India are preparing the soil, planting, adding manure and fertilizers, watering, harvesting, and storing.
4. How did humans start agriculture?
People changed into what they are today about 200,000 years ago, but they didn’t start farming until about 15,000 to 10,000 years ago.
5. What are the four stages of agriculture?