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Habit and Habitat of Pigeon

  • Zoology

In this article we discuss Habit and Habitat of Pigeon, Classification of Pigeon Kingdom, Geographical Distribution of Pigeon, and General Characteristics of Pigeon.


Phylum: Chordata

Group: Craniata

Sub-Phylum: Vertebrata

Division: Gnathostomata

Super Class: Tetrapoda

Class: Aves


Super Order: Neognathae

Order: Columbiformes

Genus: Columba

Species: Livia

Geographical Distribution

Pigeon is commonly found in India, forested zone of the Pacific coast and United States. 

Habit and Habitat of Pigeon 2

Habit and Habitat of Pigeon: Geographical Distribution of Pigeon

Habit and Habitat of Pigeon

Habit and Habitat of Pigeon

Habit and Habitat of Pigeon: Pigeon External Anatomy

Blue Rock Pigeons live in complete freedom on ledges, fissures, holes and holes in rocks, forts and old buildings, and alongside walls of wells. It prefers to live near cities and towns that have lots of coarse grains. Their favourite places to live include large buildings, godowns and grain markets, churches, mosques, temples, churches, graves, railway stations, office buildings, and churches. They don’t nest in trees.


Pigeons are gregarious, inoffensive and harmless birds. Solitary couples build a flat, artless nest out of small sticks, roots, and other materials at any place that is protected from the rain or sun during breeding season. These nests are where the eggs are laid and they also provide shelter from rain and sun. The pigeons form flocks in winter which can include several hundred people.


Pigeons can eat grains, pulses, seeds, and grasses. They may eat insects, snails, and slugs that are mistakenly thought to be seeds. They often leave their settlings or retreats in the mornings and evenings and form flocks to raid nearby fields.


Pigeons have long, powerful wings that are well-suited for strong and swift flight. Bipedal gait is the way they walk. They can walk fast on the ground looking for food. They can be startled and suddenly rise by striking the ground with both their wings, making a crackling sound.


Although pigeons don’t sing, chirp, or screech, they produce a distinctive sound that sounds like the syllables “gootur-goon”, “gootur-goon”.

Family Life

They live a monogamous lifestyle, which means that they have only one male and one female.


Copulation is the method of internal fertilization. This involves temporary union of males and females at their cloacal ends. Sperm transfer occurs into the urodaeum. Pigeons are oviparous. The eggs are laid in the nest, incubated by warmth from the parents and hatch after about a fortnight.

Parental Care

The young, newly hatched, are helpless and featherless. They are fed by their parents’ fatty, curdy secretion called pigeon milk. This secretion is found in their crop. Pigeons have a strong sense of homing and parental care.


Blue Rock Pigeons can be found in many places, including Europe (Europe), Asia (Asia), and North Africa (North Africa). They are particularly abundant in the city of Palestine, Israel. Two subspecies are found in India: Columba vicia neglecta can be found at 13,000 feet up the Himalayas. Another Columba intermedia, a smaller and more darkened race, is found throughout India. Indian wild pigeons differ from Europeans in that the lower portion of their back is ash-coloured. Indian pigeons are white.


1. The body is divided into head, neck and back, breast, abdomen, and breast. Plumage is grey, with glistening metallic purple and green on the neck and breasts.

2. Large eyes are found on the head, as well as slit-like nostrils. It is made into a small and thin bill, or beak. The horny sheath (or rhamphotheca) covers the upper and lower beaks. Cere is the skin patch at the base of the upper beaks.

3. For seed-eating, beaks can be adapted. Yes, they are large and round with a well-developed nictitating membrane. They also have a rounded pupil.

4. Forelimbs can be transformed into wings that contain additional skeleton flight feathers known as regimes. Feet are covered by epidermal scutes created through the fusion of many reptilian epidermal scaling.

5. Bipedal locomotion is possible by modifying the hind limbs. Tarsus is usually shorter than the toes. There are two types of feathers: tail feathers and wing feathers. Other structures include the neck, breast, abdomen, and black bars on the wings. Eggs unmarked and white.

We hope habit and habitat of pigeon post helps you understand classification of pigeon kingdom, geographical distribution of pigeon, and general characteristics of pigeon. Share our habit and habitat of pigeon.

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