History and Uses of Groundnut

In this article we will discuss about the history and uses of groundnut.

History of Groundnut

The peanut (Arachis hypogea Linn.) is a South American native that is now widely grown throughout India. Prior to the discovery of America, this was unknown in the Old World. According to Dymock, this plant arrived in India via China. It appears to have been farmed for less than 150 years. This was transported from Africa to western India.

It is indigenous to Brazil. It is grown extensively in South India, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh. North Gujarat is well known for its peanut production. The plant is a bushy or creeping annual with the unusual ability to mature its fruit underground. Its cultivation requires sandy soil. The soil must be friable and adequately fertilised in order for the maturing fruit to be buried.

Uses of Groundnut

The peanuts (seeds) are used for roasting, salting, and making peanut butter. Peanuts are a high-nutritional-value food. One pound of peanuts provides 2700 calories.

The refined filtered oil is used in cooking and to make margarine. Peanut oil is a vital food oil. The oilcake is fed to the animals. Peanut protein is utilised in the production of ardil, a synthetic fibre. After hydrogenation, peanut oil is converted into vegetable ghee.

History and Uses of Groundnut

The kernels are also utilised in a variety of meals and confectionary products. They are pulverised and used to make peanut butter. Peanut flour is made by grinding the finest grades of peanut cake and is used to replace white flour. Cake is fed to cattle and other agricultural animals, and it is also used as manure. Cake is high in nutrients. Groundnut bran is made by combining seed coatings with groundnut husk.

Groundnut milk, peanut ice cream, and peanut massage oil for infantile paralysis are some commercial items. Hulls are used as a filler in fertilisers or ground into meal for insulating blocks, floor sweeping compounds, stable bedding, and other applications. Peanut oil is also used as a lubricant in some cases, and mixes with mineral oil have been developed.