Plant Anatomy MCQs

Plant Anatomy MCQs can help students evaluate their knowledge of Plant anatomy and structure. Answers are also given for plant anatomy MCQ with answers to help you remember. Try our Plant Anatomy MCQs to see if you can get all the answers right for the questions below.

Plant Anatomy MCQs

Plants are made up of two organ systems: the root system and the shoot system. The roots absorb water and minerals from the soil, which are then transported to the plant’s various organs via the stem. The leaves perform photosynthesis, whereas the flowers are a plant’s reproductive organs.

Plant Anatomy MCQ with Answers

1. The waxy substance associated with the cork cell wall is?

a. Lignin

b. Hemicellulose

c. Cutin

d. Suberin

2. A tissue that is lacking of lignin?

a. Sclerenchyma

b. Parenchyma

c. Collenchyma

d. Chlorenchyma

3. Lateral roots grow from

a. Cortex

b. Endodermal cells

c. Pericycle

d. Cork cambium

4. What causes the cork tissue to form?

a. Periblem

b. Phellogen

c. Phelloderm

d. Periderm

5. What are the plant’s external protective tissues?

a. Cortex and epidermis

b. Cork and cortex

c. Pericycle and cortex

d. Epidermis and cork

6. The following is a collenchyma characteristic?

a. Elongated cells with thickened corners

b. Isodiametric cells with thickened walls

c. Elongated cells with deposits of cellulose and pectin

d. Isodiametric cells with deposits of cellulose and pectin

7. Casparian strips are found in

a. Epidermis

b. Endodermis

c. Exodermis

d. Pericycle

8. The apical meristem of the root is found in

a. Taproots

b. Radicals

c. Adventitious roots

d. All the roots

9. Bordered pits are found in

a. Vessel wall

b. Sieve cells

c. Sieve tube

d. Companion cells

10. Where in epiphytes are velamen cells located?

a. Below the endodermis

b. Below the epidermis

c. Just outside the cortex

d. Just outside the exodermis

11. Intercalary meristem results in

a. Primary growth

b. Secondary growth

c. Apical growth

d. None

12. The tree’s age can be determined by

a. Measuring its diameter

b. Counting the number of annual rings

c. Counting the number of leaves

d. Finding out the number of branches

13. Which meristem contributes to the plant’s girth?

a. Primary meristem

b. Apical meristem

c. Intercalary meristem

d. Lateral meristem

14. Fibres associated with phloem

a. Wood fibres

b. Bast fibres

c. Hard fibres

d. Surface fibres

15. In angiosperms, xylem is made up of

a. Tracheids and fibres

b. Tracheids and vessels

c. Vessels and fibres

d. All of the above

Answer Key

Plant Anatomy MCQs

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