Table of Contents
What Are the Different Methods of Planting? Cutting, division, layering, grafting, budding, and tissue culture are the different methods of planting used in agriculture.
What Are the Different Methods of Planting?
Crop rotation is the process of planting multiple crops on the same piece of land in order to maintain soil health, optimize nutrients, and resist insect and weed pressure. va cornfield. He might plant beans after the corn harvest is ended, because maize consumes a lot of nitrogen while beans restore nitrogen to the land. A simple rotation may consist of two or three crops, whereas more complex rotations may include a dozen or more.
Plants have varying nutritional requirements and are sensitive to a variety of diseases and pests. When a farmer plants the same crop in the same spot year after year, as is customary in conventional farming, she takes the same nutrients from the soil. Pests and illnesses are happy to make themselves at home because their chosen food source is always available. To maintain yields high while keeping bugs and disease at bay in monocultures like this, higher doses of chemical fertilizers and pesticides are required.
Pest and disease cycles are disrupted, soil health is improved by increasing biomass from varied crop root structures, and farm biodiversity is increased. Variety is essential for life in the soil, and beneficial insects and pollinators are drawn to it above ground as well.
Random planting is one of the different methods of planting and is a common practice among farmers. The entire field is delineated into a number of strips with a width of 1.5-2.0 m and a convenient length in this way of planting. Between the strips, a 30 cm space is allowed. The strips’ boundaries are planted first. The seedlings are then spread out in each strip and the planting process begins. In most cases, seedlings are planted throughout the field, including the renegade space. The optimal plant population and spacing between the hills cannot be maintained in this form of random planting. However, the ability of the laborer’s to maintain an adequate population is a factor.
Irrigated transplanting is one of the different methods of planting and used for crops like finger millet and tobacco. The land is prepared by ploughing repeatedly and forming flat beds of manageable proportions. Typically, 10-20 m2 beds are created, along with irrigation channels. Water is poured into the plots, and seedlings are planted in the saturated dampness. Plant finger millet at a 15 x 15 cm spacing. Tobacco seedlings for cigarette, bidi, chewing, or snuff kinds are planted at an 80 × 80 cm spacing. 75 x 60 cm space is used for cheroot and cigar varieties.
Before sowing seeds, the first and most important step is to prepare the soil. In crop production, there are a variety of land preparation methods. There are three crucial processes in the soil preparation process.
Ploughing: Before sowing, this is the first stage in soil preparation. Ploughing is the practice of loosening and turning the soil upside down to ensure that nutrients are available for plant absorption. Ploughing facilitates seedling penetration and germination after seeding. It also assists with adequate plant aeration. Loosening the soil encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria and earthworms, both of which are good to plants. Ploughing also aids in weed management by removing volunteer hosts or weeds from the crop. Ploughing also enriches the soil with nutrients.
What Are the Different Methods of Planting?
Leveling: Leveling planting is one of the different methods of planting and is the following step after ploughing. The even spread of the dirt following ploughing is referred to as levelling. Crops affect land levelling in different ways. Leveling entails creating ridges, furrows, and other forms that are appropriate for a particular crop. Leveling allows for easier irrigation water distribution in the crops, resulting in uniform water uptake by all of the plants in the crop. A leveler is the tool that is used to level the ground.
Manuring: Manuring planting is one of the different methods of planting and is a procedure that is followed prior to seeding. To increase the nutrient content of the soil, organic amendments such as cow dung, earthworms, neem extracts, and synthetic fertilizers are added. Before manuring the soil, we should do a soil test to confirm that nutrients and minerals are present in sufficient quantities in the soil. We must manure the soil with natural additives based on the information provided in the soil test report.
Seed Sowing Methods
There are various methods of sowing that depends on the crop which we select and available land and other natural resources for crop production.
Broadcasting: Broadcasting method planting techniques is a simple seed-sowing procedure. The seeds are physically thrown on the prepared land or seedbed at random in this manner. It can, however, be done mechanically. Manual broadcasting is advantageous for particular crops, and it is also cost effective. While broadcasting, the farmer must guarantee that the individual broadcasting the seeds is sufficiently skilled. When we use the manual broadcasting method of seed sowing, it uses a large amount of seed or the seed rate is high. Broadcasting machinery, on the other hand, is good and efficient since it scatters seeds at predetermined rates across the area.
Dibbling: Dibbling method planting techniques entails manually planting the seeds in the holes or using dibblers, which are special equipment. These dibblers can be manually handled by trained workers or farmers. The dibbler is a conical implement used to produce precise holes in the field when sowing seeds. Small hand dibblers with numerous conical projects that are ideal for small seeds are also available. The doubling method of sowing is a time-consuming method of sowing. Vegetable crops are typically sown using this type of sowing.
Drilling: The drilling planting method of sowing seeds is a continuous flow of dropping seeds in-furrow lines formed by the seed drilling equipment and covering them with soil. A driller is the piece of equipment that is used to drill. Drilling can be done manually, mechanically, or automatically. Seed metering is set up prior to sowing to ensure correct seed distribution in the furrow. The driller can be used to plant seeds in two to three rows at once.
Seed dropping: Seed dropping behind the plough planting method is a very popular and traditional form of seed sowing. The method is commonly used to sow seeds such as maize, gramme, wheat, barley, and other grains. This approach involves a man dropping the seed behind the plough. Plough consists of a bamboo tube with a funnel-shaped mouth through which seeds are dropped. The disadvantage of this method is that it takes a long time and requires arduous seed sowing.
Transplanting: The seeds are initially placed on the seedbed, and then the young seedlings are transplanted to the main field at the appropriate plant to plant and row to row spacing after a few days. Transplanted is the term for the transplantation equipment. We can, however, physically transplant the seeds.
Hill placement: The seeds are dropped in fixed furrows which are dug with fixed spacing. In this method, the space between row to row and plant to plant is constant. The seed is sown in a continuous stream of the spacing row to row and plant to plant.
Check row planting: We maintain regular spacing between plants and rows using this method of sowing. In a parallel fashion, the seeds are transplanted into the furrows. In the check row planting method of sowing, the direction of two rows will always be perpendicular. Checkrow planters are the tools or machines utilized in this kind of sowing.
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- Animal Tissue Culture Laboratory Design and Layout
- Animal Cell Culture: Definition, Types, Methods, Applications
- Cell Culture Media and Selection of Cell Culture Media
- Laminar Air Flow Hood: Definition, Parts, Principle, Types, Uses
- Cell Culture Lab Equipment List
- Cell Culture Vessels for Animal Cell Culture
- Subculturing Adherent Cells and Suspension Cell Lines
- What Is A Subculture?: Types, Criteria, Techniques
- Primary Cell Culture: Definition, Initiation, Types, Separation