Explain the Role of Microbes in Industrial Products

In this explain the role of microbes in industrial products post we have briefly explained about role of microbes in industry, other role of microbes in industrial products industrial applications and future.

A microorganism, also known as a microbe, is a microscopic organism. Microbiology is the study of microorganisms. Bacteria, fungi, archaea, and protists are all examples of microorganisms. Viruses and prions, which are generally classified as non-living, are not included in the term microorganisms.

They are the major components of biological systems on the planet, and they can be found all around us, in the soil, water, air, and both inside and outside of our bodies. They can be found in other animals and plants as well. 

Role of Microbes in Industrial Products

Explain the Role of Microbes in Industrial Products

Industrial microbiology

Industrial microbiology is a subfield of applied microbiology in which microorganisms are used in industrial processes, such as the manufacture of high-value products like drugs, chemicals, fuels, and electricity.

Microbes, or microscopic organisms, are widely used in role of microbes in industrial products on a large scale. They are essential for the production of a wide range of metabolites, including ethanol, butanol, lactic acid, and riboflavin, as well as the transformation of chemicals that aid in the reduction of environmental pollution.

Microbes, for example, can be used to produce biofertilizers or to reduce metal pollutants. Microbes can also be used to make non-microbial products, such as the diabetes medication insulin. Let us know in detail about the role of microbes in industrial products.

Role of Microbes in Industrial Products

Microbes plays an essential in the role of microbes in industrial products, which yields a variety of products. Fermented beverages, malted cereals, broths, fruit juices, antibiotics, and other products are two of the most common products obtained through industrial fermentation processes.

Role of Microbes in Industrial Products

Role of Microbes in Industrial Products

Beverages

Yeasts are a common microbe utilised in the manufacturing of beverages such as beer, brandy, rum, wine, and whiskey. Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms that belong to the Kingdom Fungi. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, often known as Brewer’s yeast, is used in various industrial processes. Yeasts are used to make ethanol by fermenting fruit juices and malted cereals. These beverages are distilled after fermentation to generate both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

Organic acids

Microbes are also used in the manufacture of some organic acids in the industrial sector. Citric acid was the first organic acid found through microbial fermentation of lemons, which are citrus fruits. Glucose can also be used to make organic acids. Microbes like Aspergillus niger, Acetobacter acute, and Lactobacillus are employed in the commercial manufacture of organic acids.

Enzymes

Enzymes are biological catalysts that are found in nature and are primarily employed to govern biochemical reactions in living systems. Enzymes have a wide range of uses in both medicinal and non-medical operations. Apart from plants and animals, enzymes can also be derived from microorganisms, which are known as microbial enzymes. 

Through safe gene transfer technologies, microorganisms are mostly employed to produce industrial enzymes. In 1896, the fungal amylase was employed to create the first industrially generated microbial enzymes, which were used to treat indigestion and a variety of other digestive ailments.

Antibiotic

Antibiotics are chemical molecules produced by certain microorganisms that kill or slow the growth of hazardous microbes while causing no harm to the host cells. Alexander Fleming developed penicillin from the fungus Penicilliumnotatum in 1928, making it the first antibiotic ever found. Many additional antibiotics, such as Streptomycin, are produced by microorganisms and are used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.

Vitamins

Vitamins are chemical substances that can perform a variety of life-sustaining tasks within our bodies. They are critical micronutrients that the body’s metabolism need in modest amounts. These vitamins cannot be manufactured by our bodies, thus they must be obtained through food. 

Microbes, in addition to plants and animals, are capable of manufacturing vitamins. The gut microbiota is a collection of bacteria that live in the digestive systems of humans and other animals. These bacteria are involved in vitamin K synthesis. Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, biotin, ergosterol, folic acid, vitamin b12, thiamine, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, and pyridoxine are examples of microbial vitamins.

Other Role of Microbes in Industrial Products

Metal Leaching

Many bacteria grow by converting ferric iron (Fe (III) to ferrous iron (Fe (II) and Mn (VI) to Mn (VII). As a result, these microorganisms can drain Fe (III) and Mn(VI) metals from various soils and sediments to generate a variety of minerals like magnetite, siderite, and rhodochrosite. This technique, known as bioleaching, has the potential to alter sediment structure as well as control water flow in aquifers and produce commercially valuable biomaterials like magnetite.

Bio-Fertilizers

Bio-fertilizers are living microorganisms that are applied to the soil to help plants develop faster by giving them with more nutrients. Phosphate-solubilizers are a type of bio-fertilizer that makes phosphates available to plants, resulting in increased growth and crop output. In natural environments, mycorrhizae, fungi associated with plant roots, are typically important to optimal nutrient intake and plant survival. Through a process known as nitrogen fixation, Azospirillum bacteria promote plant development.

Electricity

Microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) are a type of microbial fuel cell (MFC). MECs partially reverse the process to generate hydrogen or methane from organic material by adding an electric current, whereas MFCs produce an electric current from the microbial degradation of organic materials role of microbes in industrial products.

Biofuel

Biofuel is made from the waste of live creatures role of microbes in industrial products. Ethanol, a common biofuel, is made from plants in the same manner as alcohol is made from ethanol. Sugar beet, corn, and sugar cane are some of the most common plants used in ethanol production because they contain a lot of sugar, which can be easily fermented by bacteria like the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Future

Appreciated for 2019 to $5,604.2 million, a global industrial microbiology market is anticipated to reach $13,181.2 million by 2030, with a CAGR of 8.36% for the 2020-2030, respectively.

The growth in the market can mainly be due to increased research in the fields of role of microbes in industrial products, increased research awareness on new strains of microorganisms, increased focus on consumer products, increased research and development, and cooperation in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries and the use of quick methods for pathogen detection.

In the past decade, there has been a considerable increase role of microbes in industrial products. The increasing demand for industrial microbiological products is largely attributed to the importance of industrial food and food safety, increased researchers’ awareness of new strains of microbiological products, increased demand for pathogen testing of foodstuffs, increased research initiatives in different industrial microbiological fields, and increased pro-automation.

Further Readings

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