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Selection and sowing of seeds posts explains about selection and sowing of seeds steps selection of Seeds, sowing of Seeds (Traditional method and modern method) and FAQ on selection and sowing of seeds.
The process of agriculture involves a number of different stages, all of which must be completed in the correct order.
The selection of the seeds constitutes the first and primary stage of the process. Seeds are an essential component in virtually every step of the agricultural process. Farmers face a difficult problem when trying to choose the best seeds to use in their agriculture. Why? Only high-quality seeds can guarantee an expected yield. Because of this, farmers must select the best seeds from a wide range of alternatives on the market.
Selection and Sowing of Seeds
Selection and Sowing Of Seeds
1. Selection of Seeds
Good seeds are the foundation of a successful harvest. Seeds for new crops must be carefully chosen and of the highest quality. Farmers can buy high-quality seeds from a variety of sources, or they can grow their own. The quality of crop yields can be improved by careful seed selection. A number of diseases can be spread through the seeds. Seed-borne illnesses can cause serious problems in the agricultural process if the seeds are selected from diseased farms. As a result, only collect seeds from healthy plants. Farmers must consider the germination period of the seeds, the nutrients required, and other yield and financial benefits in addition to disease-free and healthy seeds. Overall, good seed selection is critical for developing strong and healthy crops.
2. Sowing of Seeds
Planting seeds is an important part of making crops. After the soil is ready, the seeds that have already been chosen are spread across the field. This is known as sowing. Care should be taken to sow seeds evenly and carefully. If seeds aren’t planted in the same way, crops will be too close together. For enough sunlight, water, and other needs, crowding needs to be stopped. There are two different ways to put the seeds in the ground. In the past, sowing was done by hand; now days machines were used to drill holes for the seeds.
a. Traditional method
All farmers use this strategy since it is the most common and most widely used. Seeds are distributed by hand in this method, which is quite simple. The most cost-effective way is known as broadcasting. Seeds can be sown by hand or using a variety of instruments. Broadcasting is the act of sowing seeds by hand. Even while this happens frequently, there’s no way to make sure it’s distributed equally.
b. Modern Method
Sowing seeds this way is common in several parts of the world. Tractors are linked to iron drills or seed funnels in this way. During the plough’s movement, seeds are sown into the furrow and covered by the soil. Using this strategy is a better option than using the conventional method. Seeds are uniformly dispersed using this technique at regular intervals and depths. In terms of both labor and time, this is a good deal.
FAQ on Selection and Sowing of Seeds
1. Why should you select good seeds for planting?
The selection of seeds is used to improve the quality of yields and it’s a first and important step in selection and sowing of seeds.
2. How to select seeds for planting?
Floating seeds are hollow and light because they have been spoiled or eaten by pests, whereas healthy seeds are heavy and healthy.
3. How to select healthy seeds for planting?
Good seed is free of weed seeds, seed-borne illnesses, pathogens, insects, and other debris, is full and uniform in size, and is viable.
4. Why are seeds treated before sowing?
Farmers preserved seeds may include bacteria that cause disease in seedlings and crops. Seed treatment inhibits seed, soil, and airborne infections. It boosts germination, vigour, and yield.
5. What are the steps in sowing seeds?
- Collecting seeds
- Growing medium
- Planting out
- Grow from seeds
- Seed germination
- Propagating plants