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Surface Temperature and Vegetation

Temperature has a significant effect on the climatic conditions, growth response and activities of organisms. Temperature is one of the three major influences on global patterns of plant growth. Lets learn more about surface temperature and vegetation.

Surface Temperature and Vegetation

Along with available sunlight and water, temperature determines whether the land will support dense forests, grassland, or nearly barren desert. On the basis of temperature conditions, world’s vegetation is divided into various classes as- megatherms (where high temperatures prevail throughout the year and dominant vegetation is tropical rainforest), mesotherms (with high temperature alternating with low temperature, and dominant vegetation is tropical deciduous forest), microtherms (where low temperatures prevail and vegetation is of mixed coniferous forest type) and hekistotherms (with very low temperature and alpine vegetation being dominant).

FAQ

FAQs on Surface Temperature and Vegetation

Temperature is one of the three main things that affect how plants grow around the world. Temperature, along with the amount of sunlight and water, determines whether a place will have dense forests, grasslands, or a nearly empty desert.

Temperature is one of the three main things that affect how plants grow around the world. Temperature, along with the amount of sunlight and water, determines whether a place will have dense forests, grasslands, or a nearly empty desert.

Enzyme activity in plants may be hindered as temperatures drop. This prevents the plants from absorbing nutrients since plants use enzymes to break down their environment. As a result, this may reduce their growth rate or even kill them.

High temperature has a big effect on crops because it causes physiological damage like leaf drop, leaf scorching, senescence, and slows down root and shoot growth, which causes the yield to go down.

The growth of plants is greatly influenced by the surrounding temperature. There is a sweet spot in the temperature spectrum for every plant species. Shoot development, including leaf growth and stem elongation and thickness, is often favoured by higher temperatures within this range. Yet, development is stunted when temperatures are higher or low than ideal.