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Types of Seed Sowing Methods

Seed sowing mechanism is when you put the seed in the soil for it to grow into a plant. Planting is when you put the plant’s propagules in the soil to grow plants. Seedlings, roots, tubers, leaves, or cuttings are all examples of propagules. Transplanting is a term that refers to the process of moving a seedling developed in a nursery to a new field or pot for a new purpose.

What is Seed Sowing ?

There are many steps to sowing. First, seeds are put in the ground. During this farming process, the correct depth and distance should be kept, and the soil should be clean, healthy, and free of disease and other pathogens, such as fungus. All of these things are important for seed germination, which is when seeds grow into new plants.

In this article, we’ll talk more in-depth about sowing and types of seed sowing methods, which is the second step in farming.

Types of Seed Sowing Methods

Types of Seed Sowing Mechanism, Image Source: Carla G. Pollard

In farming, sowing is very significant. After the soil has been loosened and ploughed, healthy, disease-free, and pure seed quality is chosen and sowed into the soil. After selecting high-quality seeds, they are sown on the prepared ground. The seeds that provide the highest yields are usually chosen and sowed using the following procedures.

Types of Seed Sowing Methods

Direct sowing of seeds is one option, while transplanting them is another. Seeds are sown in a nursery and then moved to the field using the transplanting method. Below are types of seed sowing methods

1. Broadcasting

2. Dibbling

3. Drilling

4. Sowing behind the country plough

5. Planting

6. Transplanting

1. Broadcasting

Broadcasting seed sowing mechanism is one of the most common and oldest ways to sow seeds. The seeds are just spread on the ground. Then, the seeds may or may not be covered with soil at this point. Broadcasting can be done by hand or with the help of a mechanical spreader.

Pros

1. Manual Broadcasting seed sowing mechanism is cheaper than mechanical feeders.

2. Sowing seeds takes relatively little time.

3. Broadcasting seed sowing mechanism is suitable for small seeded plants and when the space between the plants is not critical.

Cons

1. Seed germination is inconsistent.

2. Soil does not cover the seeds.

3. Uneven growth distribution affects crop growth.

4. Uneven seed spread

5. The crop depth and density are uneven.

2. Dibbling

Dibbling seed sowing mechanism is the technique of placing seeds in holes or pits at evenly spaced and predetermined depths. This method can be carried out with a dibble, a planter, or by hand.

Pros

1. Plants germinate uniformly and quickly.

2. The required seed quantity is little in seed sowing mechanism.

3. Ensured seedling quality

Cons

1. More labour-intensive

2. Expensive method

3. The time required is very high

3. Drilling

In this seed sowing mechanism Seeds are put into holes and then covered and compacted by soil. Drilling is accomplished with the assistance of a seed drill or a seed-cumulative-fertilizer drill. Seeds are drilled continuously in a row or at a predetermined distance and rows are formed accordingly.

Pros

1. The seed requirement is minimal in seed sowing mechanism.

2. Fertilizers, manures, and amendments can be applied with the seeds during drilling.

3. Equally dispersed seeds with a defined spacing between plants

Cons

1. More work and effort is required in this seed sowing mechanism.

2. It takes longer than other approaches.

3. This procedure is expensive.

4. Sowing Behind Country Plough

The seeds are physically deposited into the furrows ploughed in the field in this seed sowing mechanism, either continuously or at predetermined intervals, by a worker working behind the plough. The depth of sowing is determined by the plough depth.

Pros

1. The depth of seeding is assured.

2. The plants’ spacing can be maintained.

Cons

1. It is a lot of work, and you need to use a plough, cattle, or tractor to plough the land.

2. A little pricey

3. Requires a lot of time and work.

5. Planting

For germination and growth, the seeds or propagules are placed directly into the soil using this seed sowing mechanism.

Pros

Required distance and depth can be maintained

Plants germinate uniformly

Cons

1. Requires roots, leaves, tubers, cuttings and seedlings, etc

2. Efforts and time required

3. Little expensive

6. Transplanting

In this seed sowing mechanism, the seedlings are first planted in nurseries, and then they are planted in the fields that have been made ready for them. Most of the time, it is done to grow vegetables and flowers. A transplanter is used to do this. But, this process takes a long time.

Pros

1. The plants with the definite distance between them

2. The plants are planted with the required depth

3. There is a uniform distribution of the plants

Cons

1. The plants are grown in the nursery which requires time for the transplantation

2. This is a little expensive and time consuming

Conclusion

This article discusses the types of seed sowing methods, seed sowing mechanism and the advantages and disadvantages of each in relation to soil preparation. To be successful in the crop production, you must determine which crops require which types of sowing in order for the crops to develop healthily and create the required products with the desired earnings.

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