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What Is The Cell Biology? And Cell Theory

What is the cell biology? The study of different kinds of cells and their internal make-up is known as cytology or cell biology. Knowing its characteristics is a prerequisite to learning about anything else in biology because it is the building block of life. Keeping that in mind, let’s take a quick look at the fields of cell biology and genetics.

Why is Cell the Unit of Life?

Because every living thing is made up of cells, we can consider the cell to be the most basic component of life. In unicellular creatures like amoeba, yeast, paramecium, and bacteria, for example, a single cell is responsible for all of the basic operations of the organism.

However, cells in multicellular animals organise into tissues that carry out a wide range of functions. Note that the size and shape of cells can change significantly depending on their context and function.

For example, they can have shapes like polygons, cubes, columns, irregular shapes, or threads. Even though there are many different kinds of cells, these are the most common ones.

  • Sex cell
  • Fat cell
  • Muscle cell
  • Bone cell
  • Immune cell
  • Blood cell
  • Epithelial cell
  • Nervous cell

What is Cell Theory?

The idea in question was initially developed in the year 1938 by Theodore Schwann and Matthias Schleiden, and it was afterwards modified in the year 1855 by Rudolf Virchow.

The theory says that animal cells are different from plant cells because they don’t have a cell wall. Also, it said that the outer membrane of a cell acts as a barrier and controls the exchange of ions and molecules between other parts. According to the theory, there are a few major differences between plant cells and animal cells:

Plant Cell Vs Animal Cell

The nucleus and mitochondria are examples of membrane-bound organelles found in both plant and animal cells, making them eukaryotic. Since plant and animal cells have diverse functions, they do not share a same appearance or set of organelles. To carry out photosynthesis, plant cells have chloroplasts but animal cells have not.

Plant and Animal Cell Diagram

What is the cell biology? And Cell Theory

Mitochondria are found in animal and plant cells alike, whereas chloroplasts are unique to plant cells. Since plants cannot obtain sugar from their diet, they must synthesise it using the energy from the sun. Chloroplasts are the organelles responsible for photosynthesis. 

Vacuoles are found in the cells of plants and animals alike. There is only one big vacuole in a plant cell, and it serves both storage and structural functions. Vacuoles are found in very high numbers and are typically quite tiny in animal cells.

The cells of plants have two distinct layers a cell wall and a cell membrane. The cell membrane in plants is encased by the cell wall. This accounts for the distinctive square form of plant cells. There is no cellular wall in animal cells, only a membrane.

FAQ

FAQs on What is the cell biology?

Nobel laureate Dr. George Emil Palade. The legacy of a founding father of modern cell biology: George Emil Palade (1912-2008).

Cell Theory is a scientific theory that talks about what a cell is and how it works. This means that all living things are made up of cells, which are the basic building blocks and working units of life.

The cells of plants and animals are very different from one another. Comparatively, plant cells tend to be uniform and rectangular in shape while animal cells tend to be more irregular. Moreover, unlike plant cells, animal cells do not contain a cell wall or chloroplasts.